Child marriage is one of the marriage customs, refers to the phenomenon of young men and women get married.
But according to the report: there was a 14-year-old bride in Nigeria put the rat poison in the food for her husband in their wedding, the wedding led eventually to the funeral. The bride confessed that she was forced to marry a man who is older than her 21 years, and she did not love him at all. But if they married, her father would get a sum of money and the dowry. A chief of the local police said that this 14-year-old bride maybe charged with attempted murder.
These issues all led to a fierce debate and public opinion. Some people think that child marriage is a common phenomenon in many countries. Like India、Arabia、China, etc. The reason of child marriage is various, but the main reason is relate to the religion, social system, even the dowry, etc. These societies are not against the child marriage, which is due to its extensive social foundation and the history of child marriage. All of this is a kind of embodiment of the social system、the social class and the power hierarchy. In these societies, people would think generally if women have not married yet to a certain age, which means they must have some problem in themselves. The growth of the age might make them cannot married anymore, so the existence of child marriage has its necessity. And child marriage would provided their family with a handsome dowry, that is to say the woman’s family may live better because of this money, especially their parents. Moreover, it is no doubt that child marriage also solves some social problems, such as preventing the premarital sex, reducing the phenomenon of illegitimate birth, adultery and rape, etc.
On the other hand, however, in these countries, to married an underage girls are regard as a part of the collective social norms, but this norms and attitudes actually reflects the whole society ignore the human rights of the girls in a long-term, which makes the society under the control of patriarchy in a long period. It may make the child bride spend the rest of their life in shame and discrimination. They don’t have the autonomy, because their life are decided by their parents, even some women will be tortured after the marriage. Furthermore, if they don’t comply with the wishes of their parents or have their own partner, which were usually punished, and even killed due to they shamed the reputation of their family. This is violation of human rights, any child has the right to enjoy their childhood, on one can be forced into marriage. Otherwise there is no difference with the human traffickers. The disadvantages of child marriage are obvious. It often leads girls drop out of school, which making education level of women is not high, and these adolescent girls are not mature yet in physical, early sexual behavior and the pregnant will seriously affect their health. But in fact, the behavior of married an underage woman and have sex with them is equal to encourage the pedophile.
In sum, whatever you support this opinion or disagree it, please just imagine if you cannot live your life according to your own will, how feeling you will be? If the answer is ok, then imagine when you were young, you were forced to do some disgusting things, how feeling you are? Child married, which represents a considerably number of girls be deprived of the right to live a normal life. In addition, they suffered the torment, physical and psychological. It cannot make sense whatever from any aspects.
Unicef, 2005, Early Marriage A Harmful Traditional Practice A Statistical Exploration, UNICEF’s Innocenti Research Centre
Nadja D, 2009, Spectacle of Deformity: Freak Shows and Modern British Culture, University of California Press
Child Marriage Facts and Figures, 2014I, http://www.icrw.org/child-marriage-facts-and-figures (available at 19/11/2014)